On aversion

The second of the Klesha's - or afflication - is Dvesha or aversion. Aversion is the effort to avoid objects or events that we perceive - or fear - will make us unhappy. Dukha anusayu dvesah II.8 Unhappiness leads to hatred. Pain can lead to aversion towards other beings or other objects, circumstances, etc.. To avoid pain we are often motivated by doing things that feel good, that make us happy, we tent to run after that which feels good and avoid that which is unpleasant. This often dictates our decisions in life. In the Katha Upanishads, a chapter in the Upanishads which explains how every moment we are faced with the choice between what is good (shreya) and what is merely pleasant (prey

Ignorance is disconnection from the Truth

In the second chapter of the Yoga Sutras, the Sadhana Pada, Patanjali outlines “the means to liberation.” Within these key principles we find the five kleshas, or obstacles: ignorance, egoism, attachment, aversion and clinging to life. Sutra 2.2 introduces the subject very clearly: “The goal of Yoga is not to obtain something that is lacking: it is the realization of an already present reality. Yoga practice removes the obstacles that obstruct the experience of samadhi, or the state of complete absorption” (Jaganath Carrera, Inside the Yoga Sutras). He then explains how each obstacle can be resolved in Sutras 2.3 through 2.11. I discuss all five obstacles below and offer easy ways to identif

Choosing Mindfully

Vitarka badhane pratipaksa bhavanam "When disturbed by negative thoughts, opposite (positive) ones should be thought of. This is Pratipaksha Bhavana" or as Swami Hariharananda Aranya describes it: "When the knower of Brahman experiences feelings of hatred ect. and is tortured by the agonizing fiery passions which lead to wrong course of conduct, such as 'I shall kill him who hurts me, I shall speak untruth, I shall take his things, I shall commit adultery with his wife, I shall take things belonging to others', he should encourage contrary thoughts. He should contemplate on his words and actions" I personally love this sutra. Now more than ever, we need to be aware of our words, actions and

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